Dipotassium phosphate (K2HPO4), is a highly water-soluble salt which is often used as a fertilizer, food additive and buffering agent. It is a common source of phosphorus and potassium.
Phosphate is a charged particle which contains the mineral phosphorus. The human body requires phosphorus to repair and build teeth and bones, make muscles contract, and help nerves function.
Moreover, phosphate is used as a building block for numerous essential substances, including those utilized by the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) or cell membranes.
For health and fitness, it is sought for the part it plays in the production of ATP (adenosine triphosphate), which is a high-energy molecule that your body requires for energy.
It is a top source of potassium and phosphorus. This is where the ‘phosphate’ part comes in. Phosphate is a charged particle that contains the mineral phosphorus. Your body needs phosphorus to be able to maintain, repair and rebuild your healthy teeth and bones. Not only this, but phosphate makes your muscles contract and function as they should.
Applications of Dipotassium Phosphate
It can be utilized in a broad variety of industries, such as – beverage, food production, and many other industries.
Increasing use of dipotassium phosphates in coffee creamers (recently found in some McDonald’s products) as a soluble buffer is expected to significantly drive the production sales of the phosphate.
It is used mainly by weightlifters and endurance athletes since it helps to build endurance while allowing a faster recovery between training sessions. It is recommended to use it if you plan to train nonstop for minimum half an hour.
Furthermore, DKP is widely used as an anti-caking agent in numerous beverages. Anticaking agents function either by coating particles and making them water repellent or by absorbing excess moisture. Also, it is used in powdered food products, like – spices, instant soups, and salt.
As an anti-caking agent, this substance is also used in dry powder beverages and imitation dairy creamers to prevent coagulation. Moreover, it is used as a nutrient source during yeast production and other fermentation processes and as a mineral supplement for pharmaceuticals.
Lastly, it is used in cheese, coffee creamer, meat processing, and evaporated milk. Sometimes, it performs the role of humectants (or moisturizers), hence, preventing food from drying. Usual foods include drinking chocolate, cooked and other cured meats, and cream powders.
This substance can also be found in multivitamins and minerals supplements in various forms to accommodate recommended and needed dietary value of 700-750 milligrams per day for adults.
Similar to phosphoric acid, this compound is used in the production of detergents and fertilizers, and a few pharmaceutical products.