Triammonium citrate (C6H17N3O7), is a citrate salt in which all the three groups of carboxyl are deprotonated and associated with the ammonium ions as the counter-cations.it is an inorganic compound and a white crystalline powder with slight ammonia odor that can be freely soluble in water.
This salt which is also known as Ammonium Citrate Tribasic, is greatly used in food additives, titration, corrosion inhibitors and anti-scaling agents, plating agents and surface treating agents.
it is also used in blood banks for the preservation of blood in blood collection tubes. Also it is used as an antacid, prior to anaesthesia, to reduce the risk associated with caesarean section procedure.
it can be used as a complexing agent in electroplating industry and is also used for metal surface cleaning.
Ammonium citrate tribasic is widely utilized as an emulsifier in food industry. Since, it has a conjugate base of a weak acid, it can works as a buffering agent, maintaining a pH range of between 6.5 and 7 in solution in this industry.
It is employed in chemical analysis and in water treatment. It serves as a chemical reagent in analytical chemistry to determine the efficient phosphate levels in phosphate salts and fertilizer. It is used in industries for water treatment, as a ceramic dispersant, a detergent material and a component for soil improvement.
It is used in medical and electronics industries as an auxiliary infiltration agent.
Applications of Triammonium citrate
Citrate chelating agents, introduced for surface cleaning paintings in the 1980s, are now widely used. Citrate solutions have been shown to remove dirt that consists of inorganic, particulate material and organic components. In a case study of a varnished painting, a 2% weight/volume (w/v) triammonium citrate solution (TAC) was found to remove the residual dirt left behind after cleaning with conventional aqueous solutions.
Increasing demand of the product in food and beverages industry due to increasing demand for emulsifiers and preservatives, is primarily driving the growth of global triammonium citrate market. Furthermore, it is also used as an ingredient in ready to drink beverages and other commercial beverage mixtures, which is further fueling the growth of global triammonium citrate market. Moreover, the increasing demand for triammonium citrate in bakery and confectionary products such as chocolates, etc. is also fueling the growth of global triammonium citrate market.
Increasing uses of triammonium citrate in pharmaceuticals is also catalyzing the growth of global triammonium citrate market as it functions as acidity regulator. Moreover, the increasing demand for triammonium citrate in cosmetics products owing to emulsifiers is further fueling the growth of global triammonium citrate market. Cirate salts are of valuable importance in industries like medicines, biosensors, optics, cosmetics and play a significant role in various metabolic processes. That being so, hundreds of investigations are done on citrate salts, including triammonium citrate, as the aqueous electrolyte solutions.
its also acts as a chelating agent for the metal ions and helps to break up the particles into the smaller pieces or encourages them to disperse As a part of the investigation on the treatment of low-level radioactive wastewater using supported liquid membranes, a method for stabilizing a supported liquid membrane (SLM), aqueous Ce (III) solutions containing sodium nitrate and nitric acid were used as the simulated low level radioactive wastewater. The strip solutions were aqueous solutions of chelating agents such as triammonium citrate and trisodium citrate.