Maltodextrin, with a formula C6nH(10n+2)O(5n+1), is a white powder made from corn, rice, potato starch, or wheat. Even though it comes from plants, it’s highly processed. To make it, first, the starches are cooked, and then acids or enzymes such as heat-stable bacterial alpha-amylase are added to break it down further. The resulting white powder is water-soluble and has a neutral taste. Although it comes from natural foods, it’s highly processed. The starch goes through a process called partial hydrolysis, which uses water, enzymes, and acids to break down the starch and create the water-soluble white powder. When the powder is added to food, it thickens the product, prevents crystallization and helps bind ingredients together. The difference between this product and corn syrup solids is that it is hydrolyzed to have less than 20 percent sugar content, whereas corn syrup solids have more than 20 percent sugar content. it is a polysaccharide, which is a type of carbohydrate. It’s commonly used as a thickener or filler to increase the volume of processed foods, like instant puddings and gelatins, sauces and salad dressings, baked goods, potato chips, jerky, yogurts, nutrition bars, meal replacement shakes, and sugar-free sweeteners (like Splenda). Tapioca maltodextrin is used to make powders because it absorbs and thickens fats. It encapsulates the oil and holds it within the powder until it comes into contact with water.
Physical and Chemical properties
In the table below some of the chemical and physical properties of this product are mentioned. all data that is mentioned in this table is gathered from Wikipedia website:
Applications of Maltodextrin
Bodybuilders sometimes use simple carbohydrates after hard workouts in order to restore the body’s glycogen (stored energy) and glucose (usable energy) levels. Post-workout, bodybuilders or athletes may choose to consume high glycemic foods (like maltodextrin and dextrose) that raise normal blood sugar and insulin levels in order to get carbohydrates to the muscle cells.
it is used as a food thickener in food such as in beer, ice cream, infant formula, brewing, potato chips and jerky, frozen food, powder kind used as a supplement by bodybuilders and athletes, sodas and candy.
Many people eat it every day without realizing. Foods that often containing this material include:
- pasta, cooked cereals, and rice
- meat substitutes
- baked goods
- salad dressings
- frozen meals
- sugars and sweets
- energy and sports drinks
Some manufacturers also add maltodextrin to lotions, hair-care products, and livestock feed.
The beverages are scientifically prepared with Maltodextrin, which adds more flavor, soluble, consistent and delicious, and reduce sweet taste and cost. There are more advantages of these kinds of beverages than that of the traditional drinks and foods such as ice-cream, fast tea, and coffee, etc.
Capsules often contain maltodextrin since it neither adds nor detracts from the medicinal content while stabilizing the drugs.
In Health & Personal care products
this product is used as Absorbent; Binding agent; Emulsion Stabilizer; Film-forming agent; Skin conditioning in cosmetic products. The application in baby products, bath products, cleansing products, eye makeup, shaving preparations and hair, and skincare products.
it is used as a stabilizer, thickener, anticaking agent and bulking agent. Maltodextrin may also be used in livestock feed and health care products to provide an easily digestible energy source intermediate between starches and sugars.