Potassium citrate or tripotassium citrate is one of citric acid derivatives with K3C6H5O7 as its chemical formula. It is a white solid and contains 38.28% Wt/Wt. potassium . tripotassium citrate is highly absorbable through the mouth and is repulse in the urine. Because it is an alkaline salt it is beneficial in decreasing the ache because it influences highly acidic urine.
Potassium is used in various fiber-rich foods like vegetables, fruits, nuts, and legumes.
If you follow a largely plant-based diet, there’s a good chance you’re getting enough potassium. But if your diet includes more processed foods, you may not be consuming an adequate amount.
it produces alkalizing effects in the body, helping to balance urinary pH levels.
Unlike other essential nutrients (like calcium, vitamin D and B-vitamins), potassium is not fortified (added) in staple foods. This is due to its rapid impact on blood pressure.
However, when potassium is consumed from natural sources like these, the accompanying fiber slows its absorption. This allows it to safely perform its role in the body.
In supplemental or medication form, potassium is combined with other molecules like carbonate, chloride or hydroxide to form salts.
Potassium linked to citric acid forms potassium citrate.
Physical and Chemical properties
In the table below some of the chemical and physical properties of this product are mentioned. all data that is mentioned in this table is gathered from Wikipedia website:
In medicine sciences, it applied to decrease the acidity characteristics of urine and make it less acidic. It may cause the kidney not to make kidney stones. In the foods industry, potassium citrate is applied as a buffering agent. It helps to regulate ph in products like soft drinks, so their ph level remain at the correct level.
Lowers Blood Pressure
Potassium plays key role in controlling blood pressure, adue to some reports. it helps to maintain the blood pressure in normal range . Increased potassium may increase the amount of sodium the body excretes causing a protective effect against hypertension.
A study published in a journal reported that potassium citrate had the same “blood-pressure-lowering effects” as potassium chloride. The study tested 14 people with stage 1 hypertension. They gave 7 people potassium chloride and 7 people potassium citrate. They found each group had similar beneficial effects on hypertension. They concluded that increased potassium intake does not have to be specific to be effective.
Prevents Kidney Stones
this material is used to prevent certain types of kidney stones. It makes the urine more alkaline and neutralizes some of the acid in the urine, which helps to reduce crystal formation. A study by J He Feng, research fellow, and professor, published in Journal reported that this material reduces calcium excretion, causing a positive calcium balance. The study concluded that potassium reduces the risk of kidney stones.
The biggest causal factor for strokes is high blood pressure. this component reduces blood pressure and in turn, reduces the risk of stroke. A study published in the September 2001 “British Medical Journal” found a reduced risk of stroke from potassium even when blood pressure was matched for both high and low intakes supporting the conclusion of a direct protective effect from potassium on strokes.
Potassium increases calcium retention by reducing calcium excretion, which may be associated with a longer-lasting higher bone mass. A study by SA New and colleagues published in the January 2000 “American Journal of Clinical Nutrition” tested 62 healthy women aged 45 to 55 and found a direct link between higher intakes of magnesium, potassium, and alcohol were associated with higher total bone mass.
Potassium citrate market place
The worldwide potassium citrate marketplace was estimated at USD 629.23 million in 2016 and is predicted to reach USD 797.65 million by 2023, at a CAGR of 3.7% through the estimation period. this material finds its way in various industrial applications. Like the pharmaceutical and personal care industry and also the food industry which this chemical has wide applications because of its important properties. In the pharmaceutical industry, this material is applied to eliminate kidney stones. It is also applied in baby staffs, make-up and cosmetics, bath products, soaps and detergents, hair dyes and colors, and hair and skincare material. It is used as a cleaning agent in these fields. Because of its special characteristics and features, it finds its way in so many applications that mentioned above. The most important applications for it are in the food & beverage industry. It is mainly applied as an acidity moderator and preservative in processed foods. This product is almost applied as a flavor improver, especially for processed foods and beverages.