Trisodium citrate dihydrate (C6H5Na3O7.2H2O), is one of citric acid salts . It has a sour taste similar to citric acid and is salty as well. this chemical is manufactured by the general neutralization of citric acid with sodium hydroxide or carbonate and followed by further crystallization. It is also procured by the reaction between citric acid and sodium hydroxide. This material is available in some shapes and forms like translucent crystals or as a granular or granular powder. this material is widely applied in foods, beverages, and so many other applications .This material has low toxicity , and it is neutral salt with low reactivity. It is chemically stable if stored in room temperatures. this component is biodegradable and if it release in nature there will be no problem for environment .
Trisodium Citrate Chemical and Physical properties
In the table below some of the chemical and physical properties of this product are mentioned. all data that is mentioned in this table is gathered from Wikipedia website:
Transport and Storage Conditions
The Trisodium Citrate Dihydrate may be stored at room conditions at less than 30 °C and relative humidity below 70%. Shelf life is 5 years if kept it in their original packaging and following good storage practices (GSP). This product could be cumulative on plastic or wood pallets in well-ventilated environment. A long period of storage is recommended to keep the product at less than 20 °C and relative humidity below 50%. high humidity and tempereture would be harmful for product.in storage place there must not be direct or indirect sunlight.
Applications of Trisodium citrate
It is used as an antioxidant, and food additive for flavor, while enhancing the quality and stability of foods and as a preservative. It is used in food such as in Soy Products Bakery Flavors, Table Top Product Dairy Confectionery, Fruits, Vegetables Meat, Seafood, Cereals, Snacks Desserts, Ice Cream Ready Meals, Instant Food, Fruit Preparations, Sweet Spreads Baby Food, Infant Formula, Sauces, Dressings, Seasoning.
Trisodium citrate dehydrate may be used in the pharmaceutical, chemical, industrial applications, and building industry, as control and regulator of acidity, pH stabilizer, buffers agent, chelating metal ions, chelating of calcium, chelated agent in fertilizers, modifies and enhances the flavor of food and canned goods, nutritional and sport beverages as an available source of sodium, antifreeze, flavor enhancer, and preserves stability of active ingredients in medicines. It is a biodegradable product
this component is used as acidity regulator in drinks such as in Alcoholic Beverages Carbonated Soft Drinks, Instant Drinks, Syrups, Juice Drinks, Tea and Coffee, Sports and Energy Drinks
it can be used in pharmaceutical to help lessen the acidity levels in the urine. It is also used before general anesthesia to prevent the inhalation of stomach acid.
cosmetic products like baby powder
soaps and detergents
hair dyes and colors
hair and skincare products