Morpholine is an organic chemical component with O(CH2CH2)2NH as its chemical formula. because it has atoms of at least two different elements as members of its ring(s) this chemical component is grouped in heterocyclic compounds and it contained both amine and ether functional groups. Because it has amine in its structure, it is grouped in bases. and it reacts with acids to produce salt or acrylamide. this product is a colorless liquid with a smell like fish (ammonia) and with the 100°F Flashpoint. this material density is less than water and it is miscible in water and a variety of organic solvents like aromatic hydrocarbons, alcohols, ketones, and ether. it is partly miscible in oils. its Vapors are heavier than air. It has limited miscibility in alkaline aqueous solutions.
Chemical and Physical properties of morpholine
In the table below some of the chemical and physical properties of this product are mentioned. All data that is mentioned in this table is gathered from Wikipedia website:
it can be specified by gas chromatography (GC) liquid chromatography (HPLC) and ion chromatography (IC). Low concentrations of this compound in the air can be determined by the GC analyzer.
In the industrial scale, Morpholine is often procreated by the dehydration reaction of diethanolamine with sulfuric acid.
It is estimated that around 25000 tons of this component per year are produced industrially globally. The main production procedure is the reaction between diethylene glycol and ammonia in the attendance of hydrogen and catalysts.
This compound also is used to make other chemicals and detergents. One of these compound applications is to avoid metals from corrosion especially in systems which are dealing with water like steam boiler systems; as an emulsifier in cosmetics industry; a segregating factor for light amines; an intermediate in the production of optical Illuminators; an intermediate agent for textile lubricants, softening factor, as a collaborator, whitening factor, sizing emulsifiers, antioxidants, surface-active factor, plasticizers, viscosity ameliorative and insecticides, herbicides, dyes, catalysts, bactericides, analgesics, anesthesia agents.
Flammable liquid and vapor
Harmful if swallowed
Toxic in contact with skin
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage
Harmful to aquatic life
Keep away from heat, sparks, flames, hot areas, and No smoking because this compound is flammable.
Its environmental impacts and effects on human health
Human and environmental disclosure arises and directly from some of its usages, containing, for instance, its use in the cosmetic industry and waxes and rubbers and corrosion inhibitor usage. As a result of its use in waxes and polishes, morpholine is released into the environment through vaporization. Morpholine is chemically permanent in the biosphere. Morpholine is a noxious compound consumed in industrial and agricultural purposes and can be absorbed
into the body through absorbency, aspiration, and through the skin and its absorption, it can affect the structure of the kidney and disrupted its activity. It also annoys metabolic mechanisms.
Influence of morpholine on changes in kidney tissue and white
blood cells of NMRI male Albino Mice, Zare K, PhD1, Adeli HR, MSc2*, Naeimi N, MSc3, Naghizadeh A, PhD