Sodium allyl sulfonate is an organic chemical compound that is used in a variety of industries, including water treatment.
Production of acrylic fibers, utilize as a food additive and as a processing aid in the production of cocoa in the food industry or use in pharmaceutical industries are some of the key applications of this organic compound. Sodium allyl sulfonate is a clear, colorless, or white flake in standard conditions.
This salt is used in nickel plating as a reducing agent and as an additive in the paint industry for the production of acrylic thermostatic resins.
This chemical is also known as sodium sulfonic acid salt. Sodium allyl sulfonate is easily soluble in water and chemically it’s also a relatively stable compound.
The main target industries of this product like cobalt sulfate are industries such as cosmetics, paints, textiles, and plating industries.
In the following, we will further examine the properties and characteristics and the main and important applications of this chemical product.
Physical and chemical properties:
The aqueous solution of sodium allyl sulfonate is a clear liquid. Aqueous solutions of this chemical compound can be used as a factor to corrosion inhibitor of metals, or as a factor to polish the surface of metals in the plating process.
This compound can also be used in the production process of metals produced by the casting method.
In some polymerization processes like the polymerization process of styrene production that led to the production of acrylic fibers, this organic salt acts as a chain transfer agent.
This polymerization process is specifically a co-monomer that is very effective in the transfer of polymer chains and causes the polymerization process to be performed at a controlled speed.
Specifically, compounds containing allyl (allyl is a suitable prefix for compounds with organic functional groups in their structure) are a type of hydrocarbon with a vinyl group attached to methylene in its structure.
The chemical formula of this chemical is C3H5SO3Na. chemical structure of sodium allyl sulfonate is as follows:
These types of compounds are very useful due to their high reactivity in the formation of homopolymers or copolymers used in the production of adhesives and coatings.
The most important physical and chemical properties of sodium allyl sulfonate can be summarized in the table below:
|Molecular weight (g/mol)||144.13|
|Melting point (°C)||0|
|Solubility in water (g/100ml)||4|
Synthesis and production of sodium allyl sulfonate:
In short, we need allyl chloride and sodium sulfite to produce the chemical sodium allyl sulfonate.
The reactants are usually in the aqueous state, and for sodium sulfite, it is better than placed in an aqueous-alcoholic solution.
During the reaction, the reaction temperature is kept around 40-50 ° C. After the reaction, processes such as hydrolysis are performed and the desired product can be obtained.
Applications and uses of sodium allyl sulfonate:
As mentioned, this organic compound has many applications in various industries, which are described below:
This salt is also used in the pharmaceutical industry and the production of some most commonly used drugs.
This chemical is specifically and accurately used to process acrylic fibers, this organic compound has a very positive and beneficial effect on the dyeing properties of this type of fiber, increases the flexibility of the fibers, and generally increases the quality of the fibers.
Sodium allyl sulfonate is used in the polymerization processes of acrylamide, acrylic acid, acrylamide, maleic anhydride. It is also used in the emulsion polymerization of styrene and polyvinyl alcohol.
In metal plating processes, an aqueous solution of this organic compound is used to create transparency.
To produce water-soluble paints, this white powder is widely used with the aim of better dispersion of paints in water and production of some thermoset resins.
It is better to pay attention to all safety and health points when working with this material and use gloves and safety glasses.
In case of contact with the skin of the hand, wash the infected area carefully and avoid contact with the eyes or other defective parts of the body and inhale its vapors.
In case of contact and entry of this substance into the eye, be sure to wash the eyes thoroughly for 15 minutes, and in more acute cases and cases of vision loss, go to medical centers.
In case of inhalation and exposure to large amounts of this compound, you should take the person to the open air and place her in the vicinity of the open-air, see a doctor if symptoms occur.
Transporting and storage:
Heat may adversely affect the properties of this chemical. Store sodium allyl sulfonate in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight.