Sodium Saccharin is a chemical that has long been used as a sweetener. Sodium saccharin is much sweeter than sugar but has a relatively bitter flavor, various industries use this chemical, Specifically, the pharmaceutical, food, and plating industries are the most important markets for this synthetic product.
This food additive has fewer calories and more sweetening power than sugar and is a good substitute for it.
This chemical is specifically used in the production of toothpaste, the use of a small amount of sodium saccharin in the formulation of toothpaste helps to increase the quality of the product and its taste.
Production of pesticides and herbicides are other applications of this material. This synthesis sugar is very effective in controlling blood sugar levels, like Mono Ammonium Phosphate.
Experiments with people who take this substance have shown that taking the usual amount of this salt does not cause any problems for the body.
However, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has set a limit for the daily consumption of this product, according to this organization, daily consumption of 5 mg of sodium saccharin is allowed for each person, In the following, we will learn more about the properties, characteristics, and applications of this chemical.
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Physical and Chemical Properties of Sodium Saccharin:
The appearance of this synthesis sugar in standard conditions is in the form of a powder that can be easily dissolved in water.
The chemical structure and formula of this synthesis sweetness are as follows:
This artificial sweetener is chemically very stable and according to reports, its use does not harm human health.
The production process and the structure of its formation have changed in recent years to minimize the risk of disease and discomfort. for diabetes people, this sweet additive can be a good substitute for sugar because it has less sugar and more calories.
In general, the most important physical and chemical properties of sodium saccharin can be summarized in the following table:
|Molecular weight (g/mol)||183.18|
|Melting point (°C)||228.8|
|Boiling point (°C)||438.9|
|Solubility in water (mg/mL)||17.5|
The Production Process:
Sulfonation is used to produce sodium saccharin. In the first stage, toluene is sulfonated with chlorosulfonic acid and the final product undergoes an amino process in the presence of ammonia.
In the last step and during the oxidation process of ortho-toluene sulfonic acid, the final product can be obtained.
Application and Uses of Sodium Saccharin:
In general, many industries use this chemical, Food industry, chemical and agricultural industry, plating industry, pharmaceutical are the most important industries that use this synthetic material. In the following, we will become more familiar with the applications of this material.
This food additive is used in the production of food supplements, sauces, jams, bread and coffee industries, beverages.
The sweetening of baked goods, cookies and muffins, foods, and chemical drinks are common uses of this substance.
Utilize in agricultural industries to produce pesticides and herbicides.
Sodium saccharin is used in the manufacture of personal care products or health products such as toothpaste, mouthwash, in addition, the use of this chemical in the production of cosmetics is also very common.
Sodium Saccharin in the Production of Toothpaste and Mouthwash:
This salt is one of the 16 ingredients in toothpaste.
Different components participate in the product formulation of any type of toothpaste, glossing, moisturizing, foaming and cleaning materials, adhesives, and protective materials are among the important components of toothpaste.
To create a sweet taste and increase the quality of the product in terms of taste, sodium saccharin is usually the most suitable substance. In terms of its function and reasonable price, this substance is a popular sweetener for the production of toothpaste or other food industry uses.
In pharmacy, this salt is used in the formulation of multivitamin tablets and chewable tablets. This improves the quality of the flavor of the products.
Safety; What is the Sodium Saccharin Side Effect?
Some people may be allergic to this substance, taking saccharin-containing substances may be dangerous for infants, or in rare cases may cause musculoskeletal disorders.
Excessive consumption may cause weight gain in some people, in general, monitor the consumption of this chemical in your diet, especially in children, and avoid overdosing.
Transporting and Storage:
Use a dry and cool place to store this chemical and keep it away from direct sunlight or heat.