Sodium bisulfate is the name of an inorganic acidic salt that is available in powder or white crystal form, its smell is similar to sulfur. This chemical is also known by other names such as sour rock or sodium hydrogen sulfate. it is a type of anise-free sulfate salt. This material is relatively easy to store. The acidity of sour rock is about one and its solution is acidic, and NaHSO4 is the chemical formula of this substance. EDTA-2NA is one of the similar products of this substance.
the chemical structure of this substance is also as follows:
This inorganic compound has a variety of uses and can be widely used in a variety of applications to reduce acidity. The two most common types of this inorganic salt are dry or monohydrate. Shanghai Chemex is one of the most reputable manufacturers of this chemical in the world.
Usually, acidic salts are easily soluble in water and can have a relatively strong cleaning power, so it is made of sour stone in the production of detergents, such as in the food industry in the production of cooked food or canned food. It is used in the production of industrial wines and dried fruits. This acidic salt is a significant source of vitamin B1, which is used as an additive in the food industry.
In the following, we will learn more about sour rock and its features and applications.
Physical and chemical structure of sodium bisulfate:
As mentioned, sour rock is a type of salt of the sulfuric acid family and it can be called hydrogen sulfate. It does not easily remove excess bromine, iodine, osmotic esters, chromium trioxide, and potassium permanganate.
The most important physical and chemical properties of this material can be summarized in the following table:
|molecular weight (g/mol)||120.06|
|Boiling point (°C)||315|
|Solubility in water||Soluble|
Synthesis and production:
generally, there are two methods for the synthesis of sodium bisulfate, we will mention them below:
In the first method, it is done by two substances, sulfuric acid, and sodium hydroxide. By performing a reaction between these two substances, sour rock and some waters are formed.
In the second method, sodium chloride reacts with sulfuric acid, and the desired product is formed with hydrochloric acid.
this salt is formed in different reactions, it can be produced by the reaction of other salts with sulfuric acid.
Applications and uses of sodium bisulfate:
The use of this inorganic salt is very wide and it is widely used in many industries such as the paint or leather industry, Sodium hydrogen sulfate is mainly used to reduce acidity and also to clean metals as well as to regulate and reduce acidity.
This inorganic chemical is used to clean metals and to reduce the acidity of water in the chlorination of bone water. It is used in animal feed additives, making inks, household cleaners, and in the processing of meat and poultry and beverages and sauces.
the most important uses of this material include the following:
- sour rock can be used as an activator in polymerization processes.
- In the food industry as a food additive can delay food spoilage.
- This chemical is also used in the chemical industry in a reducing role and for the purification and separation of ketones.
- This salt is generally used in the leather industry to degrease the skin.
- In the water treatment industry, it can be used to dechlorinate water.
- This inorganic substance can be used as a source of sulfur dioxide production.
- It is also used as an additive in the production of cleaning and disinfecting products.
Sodium diacetate hazards on skin or eye:
Consumption of Sodium diacetate in food is known to be uncomplicated by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
In some cases, this substance can cause severe irritation or irritation of the skin. In case of contact of this product with the skin, it should be washed with plenty of water for at least fifteen minutes. Clothes containing contaminants should then be removed and washed again.
If eyes come in contact with sour rock, they should be rinsed with plenty of water first and then medical warnings should be consulted.
If you inhale sour rock, you should rinse your mouth and give one or two glasses of water to the person, and then refer to safety considerations.
Transporting and storage:
It is better to store this material in a dry and cool place away from heat. It is also better to have a storage room for this material with proper ventilation.