Sodium chlorite (NaClO2) is a chemical compound used in the manufacturing of paper and as a disinfectant. it is the chemical name for salt. It is an electrolyte that regulates the amount of water in your body. Sodium also plays a part in nerve impulses and muscle contractions.
in the table below some of the chemical and physical properties of this product are mentioned. all data that is mentioned in this table is gathered from Wikipedia website:
Sodium chloride is used to treat or prevent sodium loss caused by dehydration, excessive sweating, or other causes. It may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
The main application of sodium chlorite is the generation of chlorine dioxide for bleaching and stripping of textiles, pulp, and paper. It is also used for the disinfection of municipal water treatment plants after conversion to chlorine dioxide. An advantage in this application, as compared to the more commonly used chlorine, is that trihalomethanes (such as chloroform) are not produced from organic contaminants.
Chlorine dioxide generated from sodium chlorite is approved by the FDA under some conditions for disinfecting water used to wash fruits, vegetables, and poultry. full citation needed
Sodium chlorite, NaClO2, sometimes in combination with zinc chloride, also finds application as a component in therapeutic rinses, mouthwashes, toothpaste and gels, mouth sprays, as a preservative in eye drops, and in contact lens cleaning solution under the trade name Purity.
It is also used for sanitizing air ducts and HVAC/R systems and animal containment areas (walls, floors, and other surfaces.
The production process of sodium chlorite
The industrial-grade of sodium chlorite is made up of about 80% sodium chlorite and the rest of the mixture is sodium chloride.
The production method on the industrial scale is by the reaction of chlorine dioxide with sodium hydroxide solution. As a reducing agent hydrogen peroxide is used too.
It is produced in three phases:
- chlorine dioxide production
- sodium chlorite generation
- recovery phase
Production of Chlorine dioxide
- The solution of sodium chlorate and sodium chloride are entered to the vessel by the same ratio.
- Adding sulfuric acid
- To agitate solution air bubbled to the bottom of the vessel
- Chlorine dioxide and chlorine gas are created.
- These gases were separated
- Chlorine dioxide is absorbed
- The gas is separated by towers
- The yield of the process is about 95%
Sodium chlorite generation
- The chlorine dioxide gas is entered into a vessel including a circulating solution of sodium hydroxide.
- Water and oxygen added
- To lessen the production of sodium chlorate reducing agent is added to the reaction.
- This step is controlled carefully because sodium chlorate is not desirable in the final product.
FDA pregnancy category C. It is not known whether sodium chloride will harm an unborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant while using this medication.
It is not known whether sodium chloride passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Do not use this medication without telling your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.
ou should not take sodium chloride if you have ever had an allergic reaction to it, or if you have high sodium levels in your blood.
To make sure you can safely take sodium chloride, tell your doctor if you have any of these other conditions:
- high blood pressure;
- kidney disease;
- liver disease (especially cirrhosis);
- a buildup of fluid around your lungs (also called pleural effusion);
- fluid retention (especially swelling in your ankles or feet );
- congestive heart failure;
- if you are pregnant and you have high blood pressure and fluid retention (also called preeclampsia);
- if you are allergic to any foods or drugs; or
- if you are on a low-salt diet.