Potassium chloride, also known by various other names such as chloroplast or chloropottasium, is an important chemical for the body that is used as an electrolyte source. It is obtained in various purity percentages and KCL is the chemical formula of this salt.
The chemical structure of this substance is shown in the figure below:
it can be considered the most widely used potassium salt, which is available in three colors: white, pink, or colorless, and it is mainly available in crystal form.
The human body needs a certain amount of potassium, and its deficiency disrupts the function of the body’s cells. The use of this salt in human life is very widespread and the consumption of potassium chloride in the form of tablets can balance the body’s level.it can be Toxic to the body and affect the nervous system.
Similar products of this substance include hydroquinone and trisodium citrate.
This metal salt is also used in industries such as the food industry as an additive or agricultural industry in the production of chemical fertilizers.
similar product: ammonium chloride
Physical and chemical properties of potassium chloride:
This metal salt is soluble in water and glycerol and generally, it is available in two different forms, which include coarse or water-soluble granules. Thin has many healing properties and is used in the treatment of some diseases.
The chemical composition and formation of metal halide salt is such that chlorine is placed next to potassium and it loses an electron and becomes a positively charged atom. Chlorine, which is electro-like, receives this electron and converts to a negatively charged atom, which eventually leads to the formation of potassium chloride salts.
The most important physical and chemical properties of a metal halide such as solubility or PH are summarized in the table below:
|Molecular weight (g/mol)||74.55|
|Melting point (°C)||770|
|Boiling point (°C)||1420|
|Solubility in water||Soluble|
Synthesis and production:
To produce potassium chloride, we need to process its ore. At First, we must purify the ore, then the ore will be cut into smaller pieces, and in the next step, concentration must be performed on it. The concentration process affects the quality and purity of the final material and there are several methods to perform this step.
For example, here is one of the methods of production and processing of metal halide salt:
The name of this method is the drying process which is consists of 6 steps; In the first stage, as mentioned, the ore is crushed by large mills or by special hammers into smaller pieces. In the next step, by adding water to these chopped parts, we can have a slurry containing potassium chloride salt. In the next step, in the magnetic separation step, potassium chloride is separated from sodium chloride and after that, it is dried and purification is performed on it, now this salt has been processed and is ready to use.
Applications and uses of potassium chloride:
As mentioned, the applications of this chemical are very wide, the most important of which we will get acquainted within the following:
- It is used in the agricultural industry and also in the production process of chemical fertilizers as agrochemical, this chemical fertilizer is called potash, which is very helpful in maintaining and helping the growth of plants and agricultural products.
- This element is necessary for heart muscle contraction, energy production, synthesis of nucleic acids, maintenance of blood pressure, and normal kidney function. It is used in medicine as oral or injectable drugs, the level of potassium in the body affects the function of the nervous system and improves the function of various cells. The deficiency of this substance in the body disrupts the function of body cells. It is possible and we need to bring the level of this product to the desired level by taking medicine.
- it is also widely used in industry and is an important consumable in many industrial units.
- This metal composition is also used in low tonnage products or laboratory products, for example in the production of health soaps or food products, and people, whom consumption of table salt is harmful can use this salt as an alternative.
potassium chloride as an injectable drug:
The important point in this regard is that this product should not be injected directly into the patient’s body, the next point is that this product is concentrated and should be diluted before use, the use of this drug for patients with kidney failure or Damage to various tissues or severe burns is not recommended at all and is prohibited for them.
High levels of this metal halide salt are harmful to the body and can cause death. Taking this drug can also have side effects, which include vomiting or stomach pain, or bloating.
Transporting and storage:
Store this material in a cool, dry place away from heat.