Vinyl sulfonate is an organosulfur compound with the formula CH₂ = CHSO₃H. It is one of the simplest unsaturated sulfonic acids.
physical and chemical properties:
It is a colorless, water-soluble compound, but commercial specimens may appear yellow or red.
The most important physical and chemical properties of this compound can be summarized in the following table:
|Molar mass||108.11 g·mol−1|
|Boiling point||128 °C|
|Solubility||soluble in water|
|Chemical Structure Depiction|
Vinyl sulfonate production process:
Produced in the industry through alkaline hydrolysis of carbonyl sulfate and acidification of sodium vinyl sulfonate:
This reaction is very exothermic
This compound is also produced by dehydrating ethionic acid with phosphorus pentoxide:
Applications and uses of Vinyl sulfonate:
- Vinyl sulfonate monomer is used in the preparation of homopolymers and highly acidic or anionic copolymers.
- Used as a brightener and leveler in nickel baths.
- also as an intermediary in the pharmaceutical industry, Surfactants, and organic synthesis are used.
- It is used as a photoresist in the electronics industry, as an ion-conducting polymer electrolyte membrane for fuel cells.
Safety information of Vinyl sulfonate:
Irritant to eyes, skin, mucous membranes, and respiratory system. May be harmful by ingestion, skin absorption, and inhalation.
Maybe corrosive to metals.
- Skin Contact: Immediately flush skin with water.
- Inhalation: move the person to the fresh air.
- Eye Contact: Rinse eyes with water for at least 15-20 minutes.
- Ingestion: Do not induce vomiting. Get medical aid immediately. Call a poison control center.
Packing and storage:
Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from heat and sources of ignition. Keep containers tightly closed.
Always store away from incompatible compounds such as oxidizing agents.