Titanium dioxide, also known as titanium (IV) oxide or Titania, is the chemical compound with TiO2 as its chemical formula. Whole World manufacturing in 2014 surpassed 9 million metric tons. It has been predicted that it is applied in two-thirds of all pigments, and pigments based on the oxide have been valued at $13.2 billion.
Titan is procured in two main grades. The first and most important grade in industrial applications, containing up to 98 percent of the whole output, is the pigment grade of the titan. In applications that need white form and bright form of titanium dioxide, this grade is used. Second grade is used in Nanomaterial and grouped as an ultra-fine grade. Properties of this grade are grouped as maximum ultraviolet light absorption which is one of the main parameters in the cosmetics industry and especially in sunscreens.
Characteristics of Titanium minerals:
some minerals which contain Titanium dioxide are mentioned in the table below:
Chemical and Physical properties:
In the table below some of the chemical and physical properties of this product are mentioned. all data that is mentioned in this table is gathered from the Wikipedia website:
Titanium dioxide Applications:
This chemical is utilized as heterogeneous catalysis, photocatalyst, and also used in the solar cells industry. Another application contains using this material as gas sensors and as white pigments in paint industries (one of the most important industrial applications) like carboxymethyl cellulose CMC. Titan is used as a corrosive inhibitor coating and also can be used as an optical coating and in electronic devices. One of its recent applications is related to its biocompatibility in bone implants. It can also be used in a Nanostructured form in Li-based batteries and electrochromic devices. In scientific segments, Titania is used as catalysts for optional oxidation reactions. Titan has been utilized for several years in a wide variety ranges of industrial applications including paints, coatings, adhesives, paper, plastics and rubber, printing inks, coated fabrics and textiles, catalyst systems, ceramics, floor coverings, roofing and materials, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals, water treatment, food colorants and etc.
Titanium Dioxide: pigment grade applications:
- Paint: Titania supplies more permanence, and also brings more protective characteristics and more longevity in paint.
- Plastics, Adhesives, and Rubber: it can lead the final product to have minimized the fragility, which is a result of light and sun exposures to materials.
- Cosmetics: it used in some cosmetic products to protect the skin.
Ultrafine grade of Titania application
- Ultra fine-grades of this material is most commonly used in the following specialty applications:
- Sunscreen: it is used in sunscreens and because of its protective properties in front of harmful sun exposures.
- Catalysts: these chemical nanoparticles are applied as a support material for catalytic uses. The main application contains automotive industry to eliminate detrimental exhaust gas emissions and in power stands to dispel nitrogen oxides. (NOX).
packing of chemicals is one of the most important factors in the transportation segment. below, there is a Shanghai Chemex group project for Titania in China. the common packing for this chemical is 25 Kg bags as you can see below:
The future of the worldwide titan market seems promising with occasions in the paint and coatings industry, plastics, paper, and other industrial segments. The global market of this product is estimated to gain about $18.2 billion by 2021 and is anticipated to grow at a CAGR of 3.4% from 2016 to 2021. The main development drivers for this market are the growing requirement for titanium dioxide in end-use industries like paint and coatings, plastics, and others. Technological innovations attained at ameliorating manufacturing processes to increase material yield with higher quality are envisaged to have a positive effect on the pigment market.